Why they're great
- DSLRs tend to produce the highest image quality - ideal for printing
or photo editing
- You can change lenses and manual settings to give you
full control over each shot
- Fast start-up, continuous shooting and minimal shutter-lag
make DSLRs ideal for action shots
- They're expensive but hold their value better than compact cameras as the technology is updated less frequently
- You'll need practice to learn the correct setup for each shot
- DSLRs tend to be bulky. If you want high performance and portability, consider a compact system camera
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What you need to look for
All lenses have an aperture range, also called the f-stop number, which tells you how much control you have over the focus. The lower the f-stop number, e.g f/2.8, the higher maximum aperture, meaning you'll be able to shoot a small amount of the scene in focus with the background blurred. These lenses tend to have a faster exposure in low-light conditions, meaning you can shoot indoors without a flash. A higher f-stop number, e.g f/38, means the majority of the shot will be in focus.
Whatever lens you choose, it's important to pick one that is compatible with your cameras as many brands create lenses that only fit their own cameras. Also make sure you match by type of camera, as a CSC lens will not mount to a DSLR camera. It's also important that the sensor is compatible, as a camera with a full-frame sensor will not mount to a lens made for cameras with a cropped APS-C size sensor.
Prime Vs zoom lenses
Prime lenses only have one focal length so you can't zoom in and out. They have a simple design and therefore create higher quality images with less distortion. Zoom and super-zoom lenses have a variable focal length, letting you shoot subjects at different distances without having to change the lens.
These lenses have a focal length of 100mm or more. They're best used for portraits, sports or wildlife photography to focus in on the subject from a distance.
Typically with a focal length of between 35mm and 50mm, your camera will usually come with this type of lens. They are useful for everyday shooting,- a 'Jack of all trades'.
Wide-angle lenses have a focal length of between 10 - 28mm and are designed to get as much of the scene in as possible - perfect for epic landscape shots and city skylines.
If you want to take close-up shots of flowers and insects and capture fine details, a Macro lens lets you shoot close-ups from centimetres.
More quick camera guides
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