Does your face feel a little greasy as the day goes on? Prone to a few breakouts? That excess sebum (that's the fancy word for it), puts you in the oily skin camp.
Oily skin is caused by your skin producing too much sebum. This can make you shiny, but on the plus side, oily skin typically produces less wrinkles (yippee!).
Still not feeling your oily skin? Here are 6 tips to help you get it under control.
- Use an oil-based cleanser. Yep that’s right! Oil attracts oil making it easier to remove.
- You still need to moisturise. Opt for oil-free formulas for all-day hydration while balancing the skin’s oil production.
- Choose ‘non comedogenic’ products to keep pores clear.
- Avoid alcohol-based skincare as it’s drying. You want to control oil, not remove it otherwise your skin will produce even more.
- Use non-abrasive exfoliator weekly to remove dead skin cells.
- A weekly clay mask is great for drawing out impurities.
Does your face feel tight, flaky or itchy in places? Unlike our oily-faced friends, dry skin produces little to no sebum which can leave the surface a little scaly.
Here are 6 skin-quenching tips to get you looking hydrated. Time to say bye to that desert-like demeanour!
- Hot showers can contribute to dryness - swap them for cooler and quicker ones.
- Opt for creamy, buttery or balmy cleansers. Avoid oil-based ones. As mentioned, it’ll only strip your skin’s moisture more.
- Look for hyaluronic acid. It draws moisture from the atmosphere into your skin and can hold 1000 times its weight in water. Can be found in serums and moisturisers.
- Use rich moisturisers that contain moisture sponges like ceramides or glycerine.
- A non-abrasive exfoliator. Dry skin is also sensitive, so a gentle exfoliation weekly will remove dead skin cells without irritating.
- Use a weekly mask with avocado, coconut or argan oil for ultimate comforting hydration.
You don’t get many breakouts, your skin rarely feels dry or sensitive, and an oily t-zone (nose and forehead) isn’t something you experience. Lucky you! Your skin’s sat comfortably in the normal category where you’re free to use almost any ingredient and formula.
But normal skin still needs nurturing, so here are 3 tips to keep your skin perfectly normal.
- Cleansing AM and PM removes any impurities from your face that have come from the atmosphere or even from touching your face.
- Use a light moisturiser morning and night to keep your skin feeling and looking fresh.
- Normal skin still needs exfoliating, so use a weekly non-abrasive exfoliator to buff away any dead skin cells.
A bit of both? Perhaps you have an oily t-zone but dry patches on your cheeks.
Here are 4 tips to help get your confusing combo skin under control.
- Use a cleansing lotion to remove excess oil without stripping the skin.
- You still need to moisturise all over, so use a moisturiser with oil-controlling ingredients like salicylic acid or silica, but also contains glycerine, ceramides or hyaluronic acid to hydrate without making your skin oily.
- Use a weekly non-abrasive exfoliator to remove dead skin cells for a smoother, glowy finish.
- Target problematic areas with spot treatments or oil-controlling face masks.
The key to tackling ageing is starting the prevention process early. Usually, signs of ageing like loss of elasticity, the odd wrinkle and dry patches start in our mid-thirties. This is due to the skin’s collagen production and cell renewal slowing.
But don’t worry if your thirties have come and gone, there’s still plenty that can be done to slow the ageing process. Here are 5 tips to get that youthful glow back.
- Use retinol (vitamin A) to boost collagen levels. Use PM weekly to start with. Too much can irritate.
- The eye area is usually the first to age. Use a cream designed for the delicate area.
- Moisturise with a rich cream with hyaluronic acid – the most hydrating skincare ingredient.
- Apply SPF30+ at the end of your morning skincare routine – even if it’s not sunny. UV rays can penetrate clouds!
- Intensely hydrating masks will load your skin with nourishing oils that soak into the skin reviving your glow.
For more mature skin advice, check out our mature skin guide.
Acne prone skin
Do your blemishes never fully go? That’s because your skin makes too much oil and your pores clog easily. Causes include stress, genetics or a hormonal imbalance. And although not a cause of acne, a diet high in dairy and sugar can trigger breakouts.
There are different types of acne. If your acne is down to genetics or a hormonal imbalance, these tips alone may not be enough, and you might need to seek your doctor’s advice.
- Use a gentle cleanser AM and PM. It’s important to clean acne-prone skin properly – the pores already clog easily!
- Opt for products designed for blemish prone skin.
- Avoid harsh foaming facial washes, they’ll only irritate.
- Use non-comedogenic products to remove excess oil but retain moisture.
- Try not to touch your face. Dirt and oil from your hands won’t help.
- Don’t squeeze! This can lead to scarring and more irritation.
- Incorporate salicylic acid, retinol and benzoyl peroxide.
- Exfoliate, but gently. Non-abrasive exfoliators are best.
- Light, oil-free moisturisers with glycerine, ceramides or hyaluronic acid will hydrate without adding oil.
Reddening, tightening, dryness and itching are classic signs of sensitive skin. You may also sting or burn after using a product. Air conditioning and central heating as well as cold winds and UV rays can cause sensitivity too.
Here are 6 tips to keep your sensitive skin calm and protected.
- Use products that are fragrance and alcohol free.
- All skin types should wear high SPF, but sensitive skin in particular should wear SPF50 for ultimate UV protection.
- Seek out calming and soothing ingredients like camomile, antioxidants, oatmeal, glycerine and ceramides.
- Avoid moisture-stripping facial washes and soaps.
- Anything labelled ‘gentle’ is always a good option.
- Exfoliate once a week only. Look to use non-abrasive exfoliants like salicylic acid that exfoliates without the need to rub or buff the skin.