Child development stages - preschool age

Discover a world of activities that’ll boost your little one's muscle, brain and social skills as they learn through play.

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Child development stages - preschool age

Hello, Fundamentally Children

Fundamentally Children are a dedicated team of professionals who promote the value of play in healthy childhoods. Endorsed by The Good Toy Guide, we couldn’t think of anyone better to partner up with, to show how learning through play can develop children's key skills.

Child Development

A child’s growth can be split into specific areas, with each one focusing on particular skills, such as core muscles, hand-eye coordination, memory and communication. Every child will learn differently but there are lots of ways, especially through play, to encourage them.

Brain development

Logic, reasoning, memory and attention skills allow your child to process information about the world around them. Helping them solve problems, recall knowledge and enable them to focus on a task without getting distracted.

Physical development

This includes ‘big’ muscles like legs, arms or torso, used for walking, running, lifting and sitting. As well as ‘small’ muscles like fingers, toes or face, needed for actions such as speaking, eating and writing.

Social skills

These are vital for interacting with others and maintaining friendships. They include understanding, respecting other people’s feelings and the ability to communicate verbally and non-verbally (through tone and body language).

Language development

This allows children to express their feelings and ideas. Children under 3 struggle to put their feelings into words, becoming frustrated easily. But their listening and reading skills will be useful for receiving information and communicating with others. 

Development stages for your child's age group

12 - 24 months

Your little one is on the move, eager to explore their surroundings. Encourage a variety of activities like running and jumping, to build muscle strength. Drawing and painting will refine skills that’ll help with everyday tasks. Whilst singing and reading encourages their language and creativity.

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2 - 3 years

You may be hearing a lot of ‘why’ questions now. Be patient as your child tries to make sense of the world around them. They’ll still enjoy independent play but will begin to interact with others – enhancing their social, language and creative skills.

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4 - 5 years

How have they grown so fast? Dressing themselves, improving their vocabulary and increasing their memory and attention span. You’ll soon see how the skills they’ve been developing in their early years will aid them as they now start school.

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