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Baby feeding and weaning

Feeding advice for breast, bottle and when they're ready to start solids.

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Baby feeding and weaning.

Breastfeeding essentials

A close up image of a woman holding an electric breast pump in grey and yellow.

Breast pumps

Breast pumps allows you to collect your milk so that others can feed them when you're not around, or you're trying to sleep. You can store your breastmilk for up to 5 days, as long as you keep it refrigerated.

There are 2 types of breast pump - manual and electric. Manual pumps are suitable for occasional pumping, whereas electric pumps make regular pumping easier. They're also handy for working mums so they can express a lot of milk in a short space of time.

 A split image of a woman carrying a baby on one side and a close up of Elvie double electric breast pump.

Introducing, the worlds first silent wearable breast pump, by Elvie

Now breast pumping can be one less thing to worry about. The Elvie wearable pump means you can get on with other things (or have a few precious moments of peace) whilst pumping. And because it’s silent, no one would ever know.

 Breastfeeding-friendly clothing.

Breastfeeding-friendly clothing

With some clever hidden feeding features, such as nursing layers and cut-out holes, Tu offers a range of maternity clothing that’s both pretty and practical. Helping to make nursing that little bit easier.

 Burping baby.

Burping baby

Once baby has had a feed, they’ll likely need to be burped, or winded. You can burp baby by putting them over your shoulder, or sitting them on your lap, and gently rubbing or patting their back, but it’s likely to take some time to find the method that suits you and your baby best. It’s also useful to have a muslin square to hand in-case they bring any milk back up.

Breastfeeding accessories

Bottle feeding essentials

A mother preparing a bottle using Baby Brezza formula pro advanced in a kitchen.

Preparing to bottle feed

  • If you are unable to breastfeed, bottle feeding is still a good way to give the baby all the essential nutrients.
  • To bottle feed, you'll need to have several bottles and teats ready for multiple feeds.
  • Make sure to sterilise them before every use.
  • To prepare the formula, carefully follow the instructions on the packaging.
  • Any formula you make needs to be kept chilled and used within 24 hours.
How to bottle feed your baby.

How to bottle feed your baby

  • First, make sure you're comfortable.
  • Hold baby in your arms but raise their body to an upright position, supporting their head with your hand.
  • Brush the bottle's teat against their lips, letting them draw it in when their mouth opens.
  • Hold the bottle up to keep the teat full.
  • If the teat goes flat, gently poke your little finger into the corner of baby's mouth to release the suction.
Teat styles

Teat styles

  • Typically made from silicone or latex, the choice of teat will depend on your baby's preference. Whilst latex is considered more natural due to it's soft and flexible material, silicone is more durable.
  • There are 2 main teat shapes - bell-shaped and natural.
  • A preferred choice for newborns, bell-shaped teats generally have a slower flow.
  • Natural teats mimic the shape of the nipple and breast. Best for when transitioning from breast to bottle.
  • Teats should be changed if damaged or bitten.

Bottle types

Understanding the different bottles and their benefits can help you make an informed decision when buying a bottle for your baby.

A close up image of a baby drinking from a Nanobebe flexy silicone baby bottle.

Standard bottles

  • Takes both silicone and latex teats.
  • Due to the narrower neck, can be trickier to clean and fill.
A mother feeding her baby using a Tomme Tippee bottle.

Wide-neck bottles

  • They normally only take silicone teats.
  • Due to the size of the bottle opening, wide neck bottles are naturally easier to fill and clean.
A father feeding his baby using a Tommee Tippee bottle.

Anti-colic bottles

  • Specially designed to reduce the amount of air swallowed whilst feeding.
  • They usually have a vented base, tubes or bags that help to do this.
  • Can be either a standard or wide-neck shape. Therefore, which teat material it takes, will depend on its shape.

Bottle sizes

Your baby will need different bottle sizes to accommodate their appetite and age. For example, a newborn will likely feed little and often as their tummy is so small.

How much flow do you need?

There are a few different types of teat flows that allow different quantities of liquid through at one time. For newborns you would usually use a slow flow and gradually build up as your baby grows and drinks more.

  • Signs that it’s time to increase the flow include: baby taking longer than 20min to finish a bottle, falling asleep mid feed or tugging at the teat.
  • Signs that you need to decrease the flow include: baby spluttering or choking whilst feeding.

How to sterilise baby bottles

Your newborn’s immune system is in its earliest stage of development and therefore extra precautions must be taken to prevent possible infection. There are 2 main sterilisation methods you can choose from.

A Philips Avent bottle sterilizer advanced SCF291/01 placed on a wooden dining table.

Before sterilisation

  • As soon as you can after every feed, first wash your bottles and teats in hot, soapy water.
  • Use a dedicated baby bottle brush to help give a thorough clean.
  • Or you can pop them facing down in your dishwasher.
  • Rinse them in cold water before sterilising.
  • It’s important to sterilise new bottles and teats before you use them to remove any bacteria.
  • You will need to continue this sterilisation process until your baby is at least 1 year old.

Sterilisation methods

A Tommee Tippee UV sterliser and dryer in black.

UV Sterilisers

  • A fast and no-fuss method, UV sterilisers are lightweight and easy to use.
  • This chemical-free method does not need heat or water and hence requires no cooling or drying time.
  • Leave it on for 3 mins or until the manufacturer advises.
  • Don't forget to read the manufacturer’s instructions before you begin. 
A Tommee Tippee complete feeding set with a bottle steriliser in black colour placed on a wooden kitchen worktop.

Steam sterilisation

  • Nowadays, this is the most common method which comes in the form of either an electric or microwave steam steriliser.
  • Regardless of which you choose, always read the manufacturer’s instructions.
  • Ensure the openings of the bottle and teats are facing down.
  • The manufacturer will say how long the sterilising process should be and also how long you can leave the equipment in the steriliser unused before they need sterilising again.

Bottle feeding essentials

How to wean baby

A smiling baby being fed on a highchair.

Signs baby is ready to wean

Your baby will usually be ready to wean when they're about 6 months old. By this point, they should be able to hold their head up, steady and sit up on their own or with minimal support.

Other signs your baby could be ready is them showing interest in the food you're eating, putting their fists in their mouth or wanting feeds more often, even if they're getting larger feeds throughout the day.

A baby eating a piece of bread sitting on his mothers lap.

Baby-led weaning

No more 'here comes the aeroplane' - this method leaves your baby to their own devices, letting them feed themselves. The idea is to give your baby small chunks of food, or 'finger food' that they can hold in their hands rather than being spoon-fed.

It's messy, yes, but it helps them discover different textures and allows them to pick and choose what they want to eat and how much. You must keep an eye on your little one while they do this though!

A mother feeding her baby sitting on a dining table using a spoon.

Spoon-fed weaning

Arguably the more traditional method, this is where you would spoon-feed your baby smooth, mashed foods and purees before introducing more textures and moving onto solids.

With this way of weaning, you have more control over how much, and what they are eating - ideal to ensure a balanced diet. There's also a lot less mess and is generally quicker too - great for busy mums on the go.

Get started with weaning equipment

A baby sitting on a Joie Mimzy grey and white highchair near a dining table.

When to use a highchair

Your baby is ready to use a highchair when they can confidently sit unsupported. This is usually between six to nine months, around the same time your baby is ready to wean. As well as helping your baby make the transition from milk to solids, a highchair means they can join the family at the table for mealtimes.

Weaning essentials

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