Cat Health and Hygiene

Your pet cat or kitten should be:

  • Bright and alert
  • Have no signs of discharge from ears, eyes or nose
  • Have a shiny coat
  • Should be able to move with ease

If you are in any doubt about the health of your cat or kitten, you should consult a vet without delay.

Your cat should have access to fresh, clean drinking water

Your cat should have access to fresh, clean drinking waterJust like humans, your pet cat or kitten will need food and water on a regular basis.

Your cat should have constant access to fresh, clean drinking water.

Provide your cat with a carefully balanced diet

Provide your cat with a carefully balanced dietYour cat or kitten must have a carefully balanced diet.

The amount of food your pet will require will depend on the:

  • Breed
  • Size
  • Age
  • Activity levels

Your cat should be provided with separate drinking and feeding bowls.

If you have more than one cat, provide them with a bowl each

If you have more than one cat, provide them with a bowl each There are many different types of cat and kitten food available including Eukanuba and Iams:

  • Complete dry
  • Dry mixer (to be mixed with wet food)
  • Wet food
  • Treats
  • Cat milk (for kittens or cats who still need milk in their diets)
  • Food for specific dietary requirements

Specialist cat foods are available for cats and kittens that are:

  • Overweight
  • Underweight
  • Old
  • Young

Your cat should be fed small amounts on a regular basis throughout the day. Care must be taken to ensure your cat or kitten does not become overweight or, indeed, underweight. Your vet will be able to advise you fully on your cat's dietary requirements.

As an extra to the diet, think about

  • Cat treats
  • Cat snacks
  • Catnip products

which your cat will love.

Your cat may need access to a litter tray

Your cat may need access to a litter trayYou will need to provide your cat with access to either a litter tray or the outdoors so it can go to the toilet. The litter tray should be placed well away from the feeding and water bowls. Change and refresh the contents of the litter tray regularly.

Even a toilet trained kitten is likely to have the odd accident. Do not punish a kitten if they make a mistake. Animals learn by ignoring inappropriate behaviour and praising the good.

If they have an accident:

  • Ignore it
  • Clean up
  • Praise them when they use the litter tray

When cleaning up the urine, make sure you use a product free of ammonia and chlorine. Both of these are found in cat's urine and using such products can encourage a cat to urinate in the area again. Use warm water and a biological washing powder to clean the area.

Cats are territorial and yours may decide to mark their territory! Use a deterrent spray to discourage this behaviour.

Your cat's coat will need maintaining to stay looking sleek and healthy

Your cat's coat will need maintaining to stay looking sleek and healthy Your cat's coat will need maintaining to stay looking shiny and healthy. You should invest in an appropriate grooming set dependant on the length of your cat or kitten's coat. If you are unsure as to how to groom you cat, seek advice from your vet or cat specialist.

 

Get rid of those unwanted guests

Your cat's coat will need maintaining to stay looking sleek and healthy From time to time, your pet may get:

  • Worms
  • Fleas
  • Ticks
  • Other unwanted parasites

Fleas cause your pet cat to feel uncomfortable and can lead to health problems if not treated. Prolonged exposure can lead to dermatitis and other skin related disorders.

Do not panic... there are a variety of treatments available which will eradicate these pests:

  • Cat and kitten shampoos
  • Cat powders
  • Medication for cats and kittens

Flea drops are available that are simply placed on your pet's coat. You will also need to ensure that your home is free from fleas and there are many products available from your pharmacy or vet who will be pleased to assist you.

Pet cats and kittens will need regular worming to ensure that they are worm-free especially if you have young children as the child could become affected. Drops and tablets are available to eradicate worms in your cat.

Your cat or kitten will need vaccinations and your vet will be able to advise you on all aspects of care.

If your cat is not going to be used for breeding purposes, it is advisable to consider getting your cat neutered.

  • A neutered male cat is less likely to fight or roam
  • An un-neutered female can produce around fifteen or more kittens each year.

Remember that certain breeds of cat are susceptible to certain diseases and disorders. If your cat or kitten is a pedigree, it is advisable to check before purchase in case you are unable or unwilling to look after that particular breed.

Bookmark this:
(Argos.co.uk is not responsible for the content of external websites. These links will open a new window.)